How to start Canada immigration process from Nigeria.
Congratulations and welcome to this wonderful blog where we ‘preach’ completely a DIY canada immigration process.
I want to painstakingly read through this content while you decide on the best path for your Canadian immigration journey.
For the purpose of this article I will focus on the Federal Skilled Worker(FSW) route under the Express Entry(EE). This is just one of the several routes to migrating to Canada which is for professionals across the globe who intend to migrate to Canada.
Moreove, Canada migration is a journey which will require you to do and have some critical abilities and actions before you can achieve your goals. In addition, you have to do this consistently and not get tired over time.
They are what I would refer to as the 7P’s (Purpose, Planning, Preparation, Projection, Patience, Perseverance & Prayers). They are required in this journey and above all is God’s Favour, Mercy, Grace and Direction.
This process usually takes anywhere from 3 months to 1 year between the time you make up your mind to migrate through ITA to CoPR.
However, covid19 happened and it is changing many things.
Please visit the Appendix below for the full versions of the abbreviations used.
Please read each section carefully, and read TILL THE END
To get to the “promised land”, here is a summary of the requirements that you will need:
- Education/Credntial Evaluation
You will have to evaluate your educational credentials as one of the critical indispensable requirements. This gives the Canadian authorities the handle to evaluate and know where your educational qualifications rank in their Canadian Education System.
- Language Examination Canada is bilingual and requires that you are proficient in either English or French.
There are exams you will have to take to gauge your proficiency in either English Language or French.
Either of the two is okay. Some decide to have proficiency in the two so as to have a better boost of CRS scores for a higher chance to receive ITA.
- NOC selection
You need to choose the NOC that is closest to your work experience. This is very important as choosing a wrong NOC can make your application grounded or refused.
- Proof of Funds
You need to calculate and know before hand, how much funds you are required to have as proof of funds. This funds must cover all your immediate family members even if they are not going with you.
Get details from the CIC website.
- Express Entry profile
This is the pool where you are picked for the next step in the process so you need an account as early as possible on it. You will need your ECA report, IELTS TRF number and international passport no. and more, to create an Express Entry profile. You must remain in the pool till a favourable draw comes your way.
Most importantly, you need to read up on all information AND stay current, because things change. To have a broad knowledge of the Canadian immigration at visit their website www.cic.gc.ca, choose your language and click on immigrate for detailed instructions.
Step 1:- Read
Visit the www.cic.gc.ca website frequently and read updates. I cannot overemphasize this.
If you intend to explore other pathways [see below], visit the relevant websites often as well, so as to stay current.
Step 2:- Calculate your CRS score
Calculate your CRS score here: https://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/crs-tool.asp
NEW: You can use this link for faster results=> https://www.siaimmigration.com/fsw-67point-calculator
- Step 3:- Get your NOC
Use this link to find your NOC:
Remember that NOCs under category C are ineligible for the EE pathway.
- Step 4:- Credential Evaluation #ECA
It is advisable to evaluate your educational credentials BEFORE you do your English language examination because your language results expire in 2 years, while your credential evaluation usually lasts about 5 years. If you do the English exam first, and there is a delay in you getting your credentials evaluated, the time will start counting against you.
Have your credentials assessed by the appropriate authorized Canadian evaluation body. NB: ECA for immigration is what you need.The main idea is to get the right body to correctly evaluate your degree so as to give you the Canadian Educational Equivalence.
Apart from Doctors (MCC) Pharmacist (PEBC) any of the other Bodies Accepted by CIC e.g. WES, ICES,IQAS, ICAS, CES can evaluate all other degrees however, experience has taught us some things too considering speed and documentation.
NB: Only WES evaluates Professional Certifications like ACCA, BCS, CIMA CIPM, ATS AAT…etc
Use IQAS ( they would clearly state your LLB is equivalent to a professional degree which is same as Masters) However, With WES LLB and BL (law school) is 2 or more certificates
RN and RPN, RM, and other post basic degree or RN and BNSc – use IQAS or ICAS to get 2 or more Certificates) IQAS is better. Nurses with RN, BNSc and post basics (RM,RPh,RPHn – IQAS still)
It is advisable to evaluate your highest degree i.e. PhD and MSC and Bsc – Only Phd If you have BSC and MSC – only MSC according to CIC but if you’re going the PNP route please evaluate all. This rule does not apply if PGD is your highest qualification. If you have Bsc and PGD evaluate both to get 2 or More Certificates.
If you have ND and HND or NCE and HND – evaluate both. For all other degrees you can use either of the ICES, WES, ICAS, IQAS or CES…
Use WES if you are evaluating only foreign degrees.
Timeline for evaluation: ICES is 12-14 weeks. Your school can send transcript to them by official email and they don’t re-verify with your school like WES.
Also ICES does not provide soft copy so it is advisable to use an address in US, Canada or UK then get it scanned to you. ICES evaluates each degree at $200 CAD unlike WES. WES is now 35days/ 7 weeks after getting all your documents and verification from your school.
IQAS is about 20weeks from document receipt.
Professional Document Evaluation Bodies and Their Websites
ICES – https://icesonline.bcit.ca/ices/register/register
WES – https://www.wes.org/ca/
IQAS – https://www.alberta.ca/iqas-immigration.aspx
ICAS – https://www.icascanada.ca/home.aspx
CES – http://www.learn.utoronto.ca/ces
MCC – https://mcc.ca/and http://mcc.ca/repository/educational-credential-assessment/
PEBC -https://www.pebc.ca/and https://www.pebc.ca/index.php/ci_id/3374/la
Step 5:- Language Examination
Visit British Council or IDP either online or their office to book a date to write the English language requirement for the program which is IELTS General training. The other IELTS is Academic but that is for those who go through the study route.
You can also write the French Language test (TEF) at Alliance Français which boost your CRS score and gives you the advantage of being bilingual and various opportunities attached to it.
Note 1:- Married couples are advised to both evaluate their credentials and write the IELTS exam for greater chance of increasing CRS score.
Note 2. The minimum scores for the secondary Applicant should be L8,W7,R7 & S7 while the primary Applicant should try maxing out with (L8.5, W7.5, R8.0& S7.5). This score can really be achieved with determination and constant study.
For IELTS Practice Materials please check the listed sites and join any available IELTS practice group
d. https://www.ieltsessentials.com/global/ www.mini-ielts.com.
I used some of these resources too while preparing for my IELTS general exam.
Note 3:-You must prepare well for the language assessment. Don’t stop pushing till you get your desired score.
Express Entry Profile creation
For some people it is necessary to find avenues to boost their CRS score so as to be within the range of the draws. Here are some explored solutions that can work:
For those with only BSc(Bachelor of Science), you can consider the following short courses to earn two or more certificates and boost your CRS score.
BCS – Certificate in IT
CIMA – Certificate in Business Accounting
ACCA – Diploma In Accounting and Business
British Computer Society (BCS).
Under the BCS, there are three types of programs:
a. Certificate in IT
b. Diploma in IT
c. Postgraduate Diploma in IT.
The exams are taken every March and September and are conducted by British Council with pass mark of 40%.
For the purpose of Express Entry, most of us are concerned with the Certificate in IT which is accepted and evaluated by WES as a One year certificate program. Hence it can be added to whatever degree you had to claim “Two or more certificate”.
Meanwhile, you can proceed to complete the remaining two programs if you want. However, the Certificate in IT alone, suffices to boost your CRS points.
Q&A about British Computer Society
Here are some some questions and answers about the BCS (specifically for the Certificate option) to help you understand better.
Q1. Which of the three will I be registering for and what is the cost?
A1. You’ll be registering for the three modules under Certificate in IT which are:
a. Information Systems
b. Software development
c. Computer and Network Technology.
Membership annual fee costs 37 pounds, then each module cost 40 pounds each.
That’s a total of 157 pounds(inclusive of student membership annual fee).
Q2. What certificate will be given to me at the end?
A2. You’ll be given a Certificate in IT heq certificate once you pass the three modules.
Q3. What’s the WES evaluation for the certificate?
A3. WES evaluates it as a One year college level certificate
Q4. How do I register for it? Couldn’t find much info on their site.
A4. You’ll register for student membership on their website using the link below:
Then you’ll pay for the exam by email. Use this link below to fill the exam booking form and submit it to email@example.com and make payment by calling +44 (0) 1793 417417.
Q5. Most importantly, how do I get the study materials and past questions?
A5. The study materials and past questions will be shared here. Meanwhile, it is advised that we should all try to consult other online resources to complement what we can learn from the materials.
Q6. In your opinion, regardless of the pass mark being 40%, is it a difficult program?
A6. It is not so difficult especially if you have an IT background, but you need to study for it regardless.
Q7. If I should write the exam by September, when can I send it to WES for evaluation?
A7. If you write the exam in September, the results will be available by December. So you can send it to WES in December 2020 or January 2021 for evaluation.
Q8. When is the deadline for me to make payment?
A8. Check website
Steps 1-5:- are the directional compass to start your journey. Without these steps you can’t start the process.
Step 6:- Get ready to go into the express entry pool via MYCIC by gathering all your docs like IELTS test report, ECA, Job related doc, Proof of funds, Birth Cert (for children) etc.
Step 7:- If you are in the pool, expect Invitation To Apply(ITA) from IRCC. You must either accept or decline the ITA within 60 days.
Step 8:- If you accept the ITA, go for upfront Medicals at any of the designated medical centres in Nigeria and police certificate from Alagbon and be ready to upload all your supporting documents online via MYCIC.
Canadian immigration has various pathways that can be easily explore such as EE (FSW & PNP, FST) both online and paper based, Rural immigration, Atlantic immigration pilot, study route among others.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) #Provincial_Nominee_Program #PNP
Each province has a different program and you need to check individual province websites for their demand list and program criteria for your eligibility and apply accordingly. PNP is NOT express entry and nomination unlike our impression of it. Many provinces have their specific criteria which may not be applicable to many of us. Verify you fit before proceeding with the particular province.
For those who are already in the applicant pool and are looking for more points through Provincial nominations, see links to each province website where you can review the requirements of their skilled workers programme and check if you are eligible and qualify.
Provincial nominations can give you 600 CRS points in your express entry profile.
The following links can help you know more about provinces of choice;
- Alberta https://www.alberta.ca/ainp.aspx
- Manitoba http://www.immigratemanitoba.com
- British_Columbia http://www.welcomebc.ca/pnp
- The #Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories https://www.immigratenwt.ca/northwest-territories-living-here
- Nova_Scotia http://novascotiaimmigration.com
- Ontario https://www.ontario.ca/page/ontario-immigrant-nominee-program-oinp
- Prince Edward Island http://www.gov.pe.ca/immigration/index.php3?number=1014385&lang=E
- Saskatchewan http://www.economy.gov.sk.ca/immigration/
- Yukon http://www.education.gov.yk.ca/YNP.html
- #New Brunswick http://www.welcomenb.ca/content/wel-bien/en/immigrating_and_settling/how_to_immigrate/new_brunswick_provincialnomineeprogram.htm
You can apply to the provinces that you match with your NOC and the requirements criteria.
You can also watch youtube videos for more information on the specific PNP program.
Note: You do not have to create a separate profile for the Provinces except SK, MB, PEI, NL.
ESTIMATED COST FOR EE #Cost_Estimate
Credential evaluation: this largely depends on the evaluating body and bank charge. It ranges between 70,000naira to 150,000naira.
PNP Application Fees
SINP: $350 CAD
OINP : $1500 to $2000 CAD
New Brunswick fee: $250 CAD
Nova Scotia: free
Alberta : $500
Processing fee: $825 CAD
Right of Permanent Residents Fee RPRF : $500 CAD
(Total of $1,325 CAD for main applicant and additional $1,325 CAD if spouse or common law partner included)
$225 CAD per dependent child
Medicals: (depends on the no of family and clinic)
Police clearance: (5000naira to 10,000naira)
Biometric fee: $85 CAD for main applicant and additional $85 CAD for for another applicant
Family of 1 : $12,960 CAD
Family of 2 : $16,135 CAD
Family of 3: $19,836 CAD
Family of 4: $24,083 CAD
Family of 5: $27,315 CAD
Family of 6: $30,806 CAD
Family of 7: $34,299 CAD
Additional family member $3,492 CAD
EE – Express Entry
CRS – Comprehensive Ranking System
ITA – Invitation to Apply
RPRF – Right of Permanent Residence Fees
PPR – Passport request: IRCC sends “Ready for visa” e-mail
ECA: Educational Credentials Assessments
IQAS: International Qualification Assessments
WES: World Education Services
PNP: Provincial Nominee Program
IELTS: International English Language Testing System
MCC: Medical Council of Canada
PEBC: Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada
RN: Registered Nurse
TRF:Test Report Form
FSW: Federal Skilled Worker
FST: Federal Skilled Trade
DIY: Do It Yourself
CoPR – Confirmation of Permanent Residence
BCS: British Computer Society
EOR: Enquiry on result. When you receive hardcopy of your result, there’ll be an EOR form attached. If you’re not satisfied with any of your scores, complete form, pay 27k to the account indicated on the EOR form and send the form and pay evidence to the address indicated on the form. If your score changes, your money is refunded.
“Admins in this group are not necessarily admins on any other (PNP) group for traveling purposes. To join other groups of interest, kindly drop your username here and request that any member of the group you want to join that are here should add you. Be nice – everyone is volunteering to help here so word your request carefully.”
Admins in this group are like you too, but mainly want to help others as they have also been helped, FOR FREE. Them helping you is a labor of love so please do your part by reading up FIRST before asking questions.
KEEP THESE IN MIND
- This journey is not for the faint-hearted it requires a lot of research to get a suitable option for your decision to migrate.
- Check the your NOC with all the provinces in Canada to determine the best province for you, this info will usually be available on each provincial website. Endeavour to explore all available options before limiting yourself to PNP. For example; Maxing the IELTS (if you have not), or starting the Learning French for TEF (a CLB7 can fetch a 50 points bonus).
- It is important to simulate your eligibility [https://www.siaimmigration.com/fsw-67point-calculator] before proceeding to create your profile as it will save you lots of effort. Before creating your EE profile, please watch this video: https://youtu.be/Xhucz4cmI00. TIme saved is essential on this journey.
- Research for all available Canadian PR pathways. You may discover you and/or your spouse (for those who are married) are qualified for more than one pathway. If you qualify for more than one, check the requirements again for each one and decide on which you are most likely to succeed. Some people had to choose between EE and Federal Self Employed Persons route.
- Once you have identified your best possible route, don’t lose focus. Keep yourself updated about that route first. Connect with other applicants on the same route. Also keep yourself updated about other routes.
- Be sure to understand and fill out all forms appropriately. Keep your application simple.
- Ensure your social media says the same thing about your application. It will surely end in praise.
Wishing you all the best as you embark on this journey to transform your lives and write a beautiful life story. See you in Canada soon.